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音乐神童莫扎特的几张漫画

发表时间:2019-03-23 00:00:00  来源:野望文存  浏览:次   【】【】【

Mozart - Piano Concerto 19 - I Murray Perahia - Mozart: The Concertos For Piano And Orchestra


The Music Prodigy Mozart

音乐神童莫扎特


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A prolific artist, Austrian composer Wolfgang Mozart created a string of operas, concertos, symphonies and sonatas that profoundly shaped classical music.Born on January 27, 1756, in Salzburg, Austria, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was a musician capable of playing multiple instruments who started playing in public at the age of 6.

奥地利作曲家莫扎特是一位多产的艺术家,他创作了一系列歌剧、协奏曲、交响乐和奏鸣曲,深深地塑造了古典音乐。莫扎特于1756年1月27日出生在奥地利萨尔茨堡,他是一个能够演奏多种乐器的音乐家,6岁时就开始在公众面前演奏。

 Over the years, Mozart aligned himself with a variety of European venues and patrons, composing hundreds of works that included sonatas, symphonies, masses, chamber music, concertos and operas, marked by vivid emotion and sophisticated textures.

多年来,莫扎特与各种欧洲音乐场合和赞助人结盟,创作了数百部作品,其中包括奏鸣曲、交响乐、通俗音乐、室内乐、协奏曲和歌剧,以生动的情感和复杂的旋律为特点。

Mozart - Piano Concerto 19 - II Murray Perahia - Mozart: The Concertos For Piano And Orchestra


Central Europe in the mid-18th century was going through a period of transition. The remnants of the Holy Roman Empire had divided into small semi-self-governing principalities. The result was competing rivalries between these municipalities for identity and recognition. Political leadership of small city-states like Salzburg, Vienna, and Prague was in the hands of the aristocracy and their wealth would commission artists and musicians to amuse, inspire, and entertain. 

18世纪中叶的中欧正经历着一个转型时期。神圣罗马帝国的残馀势力已分裂为一些半自治的小公国。其结果是,这些市镇之间竞相争夺身份和认可。萨尔茨堡、维也纳和布拉格等小城邦国家的政治领导权掌握在贵族手中,他们用财富委托艺术家和音乐家来消遣、启迪和娱乐。

Allegretto grazioso Murray Perahia - Mozart: The Concertos For Piano And Orchestra


The music of the Renaissance and Baroque periods was transitioning toward more full-bodied compositions with complex instrumentation. The small city-state of Salzburg would be the birthplace of one of the most talented and prodigious musical composers of all time.Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s was the sole-surviving son of Leopold and Maria Pertl Mozart. Leopold was a successful composer, violinist, and assistant concert master. Wolfgang’s mother, Anna Maria Pertl, was born to a middle class family of local community leaders.

文艺复兴时期和巴洛克时期的音乐逐渐过渡到使用复杂乐器的完满的作品。萨尔茨堡这个小城邦将是有史以来最有才华和最令人震撼的作曲家诞生地。莫扎特是利奥波德和玛丽亚·佩尔在世的独子。利奥波德是一个成功的作曲家,小提琴手,和乐队小提琴副首席。沃尔夫冈的母亲玛丽亚·佩尔,出生在一个地方领导人的中产阶级家庭。

Allegretto (快板) Murray Perahia - Mozart: The Concertos For Piano And Orchestra


 His only sister was Maria Anna (nicknamed “Nannerl”). With their father’s encouragement and guidance, they both were introduced to music at an early age. Leopold started Nannerl on keyboard when she was seven, as three-year old Wolfgang looked on. Mimicking her playing, Wolfgang quickly began to show a strong understanding of chords, tonality, and tempo. Soon, he too was being tutored by his father. 

他唯一的姐姐是玛利亚·安娜(绰号“南内尔”)。在父亲的鼓励和引导下,他们很小的时候就被引领入音乐中。三岁的莫扎特在旁观时,姐姐开始用键盘弹奏音乐时。通过模仿她的演奏,莫扎特很快开始表现出对和弦,音调和节奏的深刻理解。不久,他也开始接受父亲的指导。

I. Allegro Moderato (第一乐章,中庸的快板) Philharmonia Orchestra/Herbert von Karajan/Dennis Brain - Mozart - Horn Concertos Nos. 1 - 4


Leopold was a devoted and task-oriented teacher to both his children. He made the lessons fun, but also insisted on a strong work ethic and perfection. Fortunately, both children excelled well in these areas. Recognizing their special talents, Leopold devoted much of his time to their education in music as well as other subjects.Wolfgang soon showed signs of excelling beyond his father’s teachings with an early composition at age five and demonstrating outstanding ability on harpsichord and the violin. He would soon go on to play the piano, organ and viola.

他们的父亲是两个孩子的忠实的导师。他使孩子们的音乐学习变得有趣,但也坚持强烈的职业道德和完美品质。幸运的是,两个孩子在这些领域都表现出色。由于认识到他们的特殊才能,这位父亲把大部分时间都花在了音乐和其他学科的教育上。莫扎特很快就表现出了超越他父亲教导的迹象,在五岁时就开始创作,在大键琴和小提琴方面表现出非凡的才能。他接着很快就会弹钢琴,管风琴和中提琴。

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